Windsor in Canada today saw off competition from Hong Kong, Turkmenistan and the United Arab Emirates to be awarded hosting rights to swimming's FINA World Short Course Championships in 2016.
Detroit in USA will also host some events, with the two cities connected by the Detroit-Windsor Tunnel underneath the Detroit River.
Canada has never hosted the biennial championships before. USA has once, in Indianapolis in 2004.
The hosting decision was made at the FINA Bureau meeting in Istanbul, Turkey, host of this year's championships that get under way tomorrow.
Julio Maglione, president of FINA, said: "We congratulate the city of Windsor, the Aquatic Federation of Canada, and Swimming Canada. I am sure that we will have a great FINA world short course championship in 2016."
Eddie Francis, mayor of Windsor, who made a presentation to the FINA board today, added: "The fact that we're moving forward and Detroit is going to be helping us get the region ready to welcome the world is going to be an exciting and unique aspect of the bid, and a unique and exciting aspect of our hosting the FINA world championships in 2016.
"People that come will be able to experience this massive and significant event with one destination against the backdrop of two countries."
Eindhoven in the Netherlands, Houston in USA, Christchurch in New Zealand, Gold Coast in Australia and China (the city was never confirmed) had all expressed an interest in staging the championships earlier this year, but decided against bidding.
Doha in Qatar will host the 2014 World Short Course Championships, replacing Catania, the city located on the Italian island of Sicily, which pulled out of hosting the event late last year for financial reasons.
In April, the LEN, swimming’s European governing body, announced that its Short Course Championships will be held every other year from 2013, instead of annually as at present, so that it alternates with the FINA World Championships and avoids over-crowding the sport's calendar.
The LEN said that after the 2013 championships in Herning, Denmark, the next event will be held in 2015.
The 2012 European Short Course Championships were held in Chartres, France last month.